King of England Edward Plantagenet, III

King of England Edward Plantagenet, III

Male 1312 - 1377  (64 years)

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  • Name Edward Plantagenet 
    Title King of England 
    Suffix III 
    Born 13 Nov 1312  Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Birth 13 Nov 1312  Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Ruled Between 1327 and 1377 
    King of England 
    Died 21 Jun 1377  Richmond, Richmond upon Thames, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • aka Sheen Manor, burned 1497
    Person ID I3457  mytree
    Last Modified 20 Jul 2022 

    Father Edward Plantagenet, II,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1327, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Isabella,   b. Abt 1295, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1358, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 25 Jan 1308  Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F1588  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Philippa,   b. 24 Jun 1312, Mons, Hainaut, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1369, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Married 24 Jun 1328  Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
    +1. John Plantagenet,   b. 1340,   d. 1396  (Age 56 years)  [natural]
    +2. Edmund Plantagenet,   b. 5 Jun 1341, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Aug 1402, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 20 Jul 2022 
    Family ID F661  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 13 Nov 1312 - Windsor, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 13 Nov 1312 - Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 24 Jun 1328 - Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Jun 1377 - Richmond, Richmond upon Thames, London, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Edward III (born 1312, ruled 1327-77) became king at the age of 15 when his father, Edward II, was overthrown. He proved himself a chivalrous knight rather than a great ruler. He loved warfare, like so many of his line, and tried to give it the glamour of the "good old days" by setting up a Round Table at Windsor Castle in imitation of King Arthur. He also organized the most famous of the English chivalric orders of knighthood, the Order of the Garter. He gained temporary glory but no lasting profit through prolonged fighting in Scotland and in France, where he began the Hundred Years' War (see Hundred Years' War).
      During Edward's reign a terrible plague, called the Black Death, wiped out from one third to one half of the country's population and caused great social and economic changes (see Bubonic Plague).

      Excerpted from Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, Copyright c 1993, 1994 Compton's NewMedia, Inc.

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      Edward III (1312-77), king of England (1327-77), who initiated the long, drawn-out struggle with France called the Hundred Years' War.

      Edward was born at Windsor on November 13, 1312, the elder son of King Edward II, of the house of Plantagenet. Involved by his mother, Isabella of France (1292-1358), in her intrigues against his father, he was proclaimed king after the latter was forced to abdicate in 1327. During Edward's minority, England was nominally ruled by a council of regency, but the actual power was in the hands of Isabella and her paramour, Roger de Mortimer (1287?-1330). In 1330, however, the young king staged a palace coup and took the power into his own hands. He had Mortimer hanged and confined his mother to her home.

      Edward began a series of wars almost directly after he had control of England. Taking advantage of civil war in Scotland in 1333, he invaded the country, defeated the Scots at Halidon Hill, England, and restored Edward de Baliol to the throne of Scotland. Baliol, however, was soon deposed, and later attempts by Edward to establish him permanently as king of Scotland were unsuccessful. In 1337 France came to the aid of Scotland. This action was the culminating point in a series of disagreements between France and England, and Edward declared war on Philip VI of France. In 1340 the English fleet destroyed a larger French fleet off Sluis, the Netherlands. The action resulted in a truce that, although occasionally disturbed, lasted for six years.

      War broke out again in 1346. Edward, accompanied by his eldest son, Edward the Black Prince, invaded Normandy and won a great victory over France in the Battle of Crécy. He captured Calais in 1347, and a truce was reestablished. Edward returned to England, where he maintained one of the most magnificent courts in Europe. The war with France was renewed in 1355, and again the English armies were successful. The Peace of Calais, in 1360, gave England all of Aquitaine, and Edward in return renounced his claim, first made in 1328, to the French throne.

      Edward continued to assert his will both domestically and abroad. In 1363 he concluded an agreement with his brother-in-law, David II of Scotland, uniting the two kingdoms in the event of David's death without male issue. Three years later Edward repudiated the papacy's feudal supremacy over England, held in fief since 1213. He renewed his war with France, disavowing the Peace of Calais. This time, however, the English armies were unsuccessful. After the truce of 1375, Edward retained few of his previously vast possessions in France.

      The king had, by this time, become senile. He was completely in the power of an avaricious mistress, Alice Perrers (flourished 1366-1400), who, along with his fourth son, John of Gaunt, dominated England. Perrers was banished by Parliament in 1376, and Edward himself died at Sheen (now Richmond) on June 21, 1377. He was succeeded by his grandson, Richard II.

      "Edward III," Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1993 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1993 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation

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      World Book Encyclopedia

      Edward III (1312-1377) became king of England in 1327. He succeeded his father, Edward II, and belonged to the Plantagenet family of English rulers. During the 1330's, Edward invaded Scotland. He won victories there, but he could not crush the Scottish spirit of independence.

      Edward's forces won the Battle of Crecy in what is now the Normandy region of France. This conflict was the first major battle between France and England in the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453). Edward claimed to be the rightful king of France, and he conquered much of that country. He paid for the war by introducing an efficient system of taxing imports. In the last few years of his reign, Edward failed to provide vigorous leadership. The French recovered some of their land, and Edward's popularity declined. Even so, he was long remembered as an ideal king and a fine soldier. Edward was born in Windsor, near London.

      Contributor: John Gillingham, Senior Lecturer, London School of Economics and Political Science, Univ. of London.

  • Sources 


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