Count Jean Henri Latrobe

Count Jean Henri Latrobe

Male 1670 - 1765  (89 years)

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  • Name Jean Henri Latrobe  [1, 2
    Title Count 
    Born 26 Sep 1670  Villemur, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Christened 12 Oct 1670  Verlhac, Tarn-et-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Emigration Aft 1685  [4
    left France for Holland after revocation of the Edict of Nantes 
    _MILT Bef 1690 
    joined Army of the Prince of Orange, Holland 
    _MILT 1690 
    fought under William III at Battle of Boyne, Ireland 
    Occupation Between 1715 and 1730 
    Linen Manufacturer, Waterford, Ireland 
    Residence Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Christening Protestant 
    Burial Between 1760 and 1765  St Stephen's Green, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died Between 1760 and 1765 
    Buried Between 1760 and 1765  Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I6547  mytree
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2018 

    Father Michel Latrobe,   b. 26 Apr 1640, Villenouvelle de Fossat lez Montauban, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1697 and 1718, Varennes, Meuse, Lorraine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Maffré (Marthe) Ramond,   b. Abt 1645, Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1734, Varennes, Meuse, Lorraine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 88 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Marriage Contract 29 Jul 1663  [5
    signed before Me. Custos, notary of Villemur 
    Married 14 Sep 1663  Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    Notes 
    • The "cartel pour espouses" (i.e. the official request for marriage, in old French) took place on 14 Sept 1663.
    Family ID F601  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Griffiths,   b. Abt 1680 
    Married Between 1696 and 1700  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Thomas Latrobe,   b. 1701, Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1754, Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)  [natural]
    +2. James Latrobe,   b. 1702, Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Mar 1752, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)  [natural]
     3. Henry Latrobe,   b. 19 Mar 1711, Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Sep 1781, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2018 
    Family ID F560  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 26 Sep 1670 - Villemur, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 12 Oct 1670 - Verlhac, Tarn-et-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Between 1696 and 1700 - Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBurial - Between 1760 and 1765 - St Stephen's Green, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Between 1760 and 1765 - Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • Presently, he is referred to as John Bonneval de La Trobe and/or John the Refugee. According to John Henry de La Trobe, he signed his name "Bonneval de Latrobe", but no one knows why as there is no connection between the Latrobe and Bonneval families.

      He is listed as James de La Trobe in Talbot Hamlin's book Benjamin Henry Latrobe. Jean "John" Latrobe is the ancestor of the English, American, Australian and German branches of the Latrobe family.

      He is also listed as Jean Henri Latrobe, the elder son of Michel Henri Latrobe in the Papers of Robert Penel.

      He is the nearest common ancestor to all non-French Latrobe descendants living today.

      In his "Livre de Famille" written in 1830, Jean-Joachim Latrobe only shows the meager knowledge he had received by word of mouth about the oldest brother of his grandfather which was as follows:

      "Jean, the oldest son (of Michel Latrobe and Maffré Raimond), born at Villemur on September 26th, 1670, christened on the following October 12th by Mr. Resseguerie, Protestant minister, preacher of the Reformed Church of Verhlac; godfather, Jean Barthe, inhabitant of Montauban; godmother, Jeanne de Raimond, wife of François Pécholier, inhabitant of Villemur (from him has descended the Pécholier family of Caussade)."

      "There is no other information about this Jean, except that he was dismissed on November 28th, 1688, from the 'Compagnie du Chevalier de Cominges', where he had served during two months only."

      "A tradition of my family bears that this Jean received a beautiful education; that he left his mother already widow with a view to go to America; that he embarked in Bordeaux together with Pécholier, his first cousin, son of an Alexis Raimond's daughter; and that one has got no news about him since that time."

      In a footnote, Jean-Joachim adds: "In all likelihood, from this Jean has descended the Latrobe family of England. N. B. Michel Latrobe bought from Anne Delhoste of Montauban the house and farm of Varennes on July 3rd, 1675. In the garden of this house is the grave of my ancestors, who all have been Protestant."

      Jean-Joachim is totally right to express his information with great cautiousness. We know today that a part of it is wrong. For instance we know that Michel Latrobe was still alive in 1698, ten years after Jean left.

      We have investigated about the 'Compagnie du Chevalier de Cominges' in order to know the reason why Jean was dismissed so quickly.

      First of all we have found the draft of a letter written in 1677 (see #418 by a minister of the King, most probably Louvois, to the 'Commandant du Régiment de Cominge' which confirms that a unit of troops with this name existed at that time. Moreover Cominge (which later on was written Cominges, then Comminges) is the name of a Pyrenean county, 90 miles south-west from Montauban, that belonged to the royal domain since mid 1400's. The name given to this Régiment could be related either to the place of origin of its troops, or to its owner (since a Chevalier de Cominge, aide-de-camp of Louis XIV, also existed at that time), or to both. Anyhow, the reference to Cominges transmitted by word of mouth down to Jean-Joachim is most probably right.

      But Jean-Joachim talks of 'Compagnie' instead of 'Régiment'. It seems that corresponds to a certain measure taken by the King in the frame of his policy aiming at the conversion of Huguenots, as explained in #435. At that time, the young gentlemen 16 to 20 years old enlisted in the 'Régiments' could be dispatched to certain 'Compagnies de Cadets' in order to be educated so as to become officers. Louis XIV decided to attract the Huguenot young gentlemen in these 'Compagnies de Cadets' in offering to them a pension in addition to the education as officer against their abjuring.

      We may imagine that Jean Latrobe had a vocation for soldiering, as he showed later on when fighting within the army of William of Orange. Therefore it seems that he wanted to initiate a military career, and for that purpose he joined the 'Régiment de Cominge' in September 1688 with a view to be enlisted in a 'Compagnie de Cadets' so as to be educated as an officer. But there, according to the royal policy, he was subjected to a strong pressure for abjuring. He refused. So that after less than two months he was considered as an inflexible Protestant and therefore dismissed from "Régiment de Cominge". From that moment, it had become dangerous for him to stay in France. Since his grandnephew, Jean-Joachim Latrobe, has known, by word of mouth, his intention to leave to America (which he finally did not), we should imagine that after being dismissed he went to Varennes to kiss his parents before quickly leaving for Bordeaux tor board a ship toward exile. The cause of his death was a fall in the garden. He was buried in St. Stephen's Green, Dublin (Huguenot cemetery).
      He was christened by M. Resseguerie, Protestant minister, pastor of the Reformed Church of Verhlac. His godfather was his paternal uncle, Jean Barthe, husband of his father's sister, Thézare, living in Montauban, and his godmother was Jeanne Raimond, presumably his maternal aunt, wife of François Pécholier, Villemur inhabitant. There are some descendants of the Pécholier family living in the vicinity of Caussade which is 22 km to the northeast of Montauban.

  • Sources 
    1. [S141] The Virginia Journals of Benjamin Henry Latrobe 1795-1798, Maryland Historical Society, (Name: Yale University Press;), BHL Va Journals, Vol 1, pg lxvii.

    2. [S20] Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Talbot Hamlin, (Name: Oxford University Press; Location: New York; Date: 1955;), Page 4.

    3. [S105] Papers of Robert Penel, #401 (1670).

    4. [S20] Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Talbot Hamlin, (Name: Oxford University Press; Location: New York; Date: 1955;), 4.

    5. [S95] Michel de Lafon-Boutary, #378 (1663).

    6. [S95] Michel de Lafon-Boutary, #379 (1663).

    7. [S105] Papers of Robert Penel, #380 (1663), #454 (1696).


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